Chinese handicrafts Silk Figurine (Xishi)
Chinese Girl in Pink Mirror (Xishi)
Xishi,also known as Yiguang,was born in the spring & Autumn and warring state period in Zhujizhuluo Village of Zhejiang which belonged to sate Yue."Sinking the fish" is the story depicting Xishi,Xishi was extremely beautiful, when she washed fibers on riverbank, the clear water reflected her prertty figure,making her even more charming. The fishes in the river forgot to swim and sink down to the botton at the sight of her shadow in the river. From then on, the allusion of "sinking the fish" was spread among people.
As the notional calamity came,Xishi dedicated herself the motherland shouldered the task to save her nation. Guojian,the king of sate Yue presented Fucai,the king of state Wu. Later she became the most favorite concubine of king Fucai by deluding him with her beauty. King Fucai then indulged himself into endless enjoyment and entertainment very day. without even a single ery on national affairs. Finally was beaten by King Guojian.
Xishi ranked first among the four beauties, being assumed as the embodiment of beauty.
The dragon and the phoenix are the principal motifs for decorative designs on the buildings, clothing and articles of daily use in the imperial palace. The throne hall is supported by columns entwined by gilded dragons, the central ramps on marble steps were paved with huge slabs carved in relief with the dragon and phoenix, and the screen walls display dragons in brilliant colours (see the Nine-Dragon Screen in Beihai Park). The names in the Chinese language for nearly all the things connected with the emperor or the empress were preceded by the epithet "dragon" or "phoenix"; thus, "dragon seat" for the throne, "dragon robe" for the emperor’s ceremonial dress, "dragon bed" for him to sleep on, and "phoenix carriage", "phoenix canopies" and so on for the imperial processions. The national flag of China under the Qing Dynasty was emblazoned with a big dragon. The earliest postage stamps put out by China were called "dragon-heads" because they showed a dragon in their designs. Even today the dragon is sometimes adopted as the symbol of Chinese exhibitions held abroad or the cover designs of books on China printed by foreign publishers. "The Giant Dragon of the East" is becoming a sobriquet for the country.
Belief in the dragon, and drawings of the imaginary animal, can be traced back to primitive society when certain prehistoric tribes in China adopted the dragon among other totems as their symbol and guardian god. Some of the recently unearthed bronze vessels of the Yin Dynasty, which existed more than 3,000 years ago, are decorated with sketches of dragons of a crude form. Earliest legends in China described the dragon as a miraculous animal with fish scales and long beards. As time went on, it became more and more embellished in the minds of the people, acquiring the antlers of the deer, the mane of the horse and the claws of the eagle -- in short, appropriating the distinctive features of other creatures until it became what we see today everywhere in the palace.
The Chinese phoenix, likewise, exists only in legends and fairy tales. Sovereign of all birds, it has the head of the golden pheasant, the beak of the parrot, the body of the mandarin duck, the wings of the roc, the feathers of the peacock and the legs of the crane; gloriously beautiful, it reigns over the feathered world. An early design of the phoenix can be seen on the silk painting discovered in a tomb of the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C.) near Changsha in Hunan Province.
The dragon and the phoenix often served in classical art and literature as metaphors for people of high virtue and rare talent or, in certain combinations, for matrimonial harmony or happy marriage. As an important part of folk arts, dragon lanterns, dragon boats, dragon and phoenix dances are still highly popular on festivals among the people of all localities.
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春节 ——Chinese Lunar New Year
The Spring Festival is the most important and exciting festival in China .It marks the beginning of the Chinese Lunar New Year.. People usually eat Jiaozi on that special day.
元宵节 Lantern Festival
The Lantern Festival (also called Yuanxiao Festival) is on the 15th day of the first Chinese lunar month. Yuan literally means first, while Xiao refers to night. Yuanxiao is the first time when we see the full moon in the new year. It is traditionally a time for family reunion. The displaying of lanterns is a big event on that day, and another important part of the Festival is eating small dumpling balls made of glutinous rice flour. We call these balls Yuanxiao(also called Tangtuan).
花灯 lanterns 元宵 Yuanxiao
The Duanwu Festival falls on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese lunar calendar. For thousands of years, Duanwu has been marked by eating Zongzi and racing dragon boats. Zongzi is a kind of pyramid-shaped dumpling made of glutinous rice and wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves . Duanwu is also known as the Dragon Boat Festival, because dragon boat races are the most popular activity during the festival, especially in Southern China .
赛龙舟 Dragon boat race 粽子 Zongzi
中秋节 Mid-Autumn Festival
One of the most important Chinese festivals is the Mid-Autumn Festival.It falls on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month. Because the full moon is round and symbolizes reunion, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also known as the festival of reunion. People in different parts of China have different ways to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival. But one traditional custom, eating the mooncakes--cakes shaped like the moon, has definitely remained and is shared by all the Chinese.
中秋圆月 Mid-Autumn moon 月饼 mooncake